Technical raising backyard chickens

Chicken towards bio security (biosecurity) to ensure the safety of the disease and ensure sanitation and disinfection work so disinfected must be done regularly. Before raising steam spray to disinfect cages prescribed. During the weekly livestock pens and spray the entire area around (except feeders, drinking troughs) 1 times. Spray from week 1 to week 10 with a solution of 2.5 ml DONACIDE / 1 liter of water at the sun.
1. Preparation of culture conditions
Before bringing about raising chickens need to fully prepare all material conditions, techniques such as:
- Barns, blinds, bamboo woven strapless, shooting heating, troughs, drinking troughs. All must be sterilized before use 5-7 days.
- Prepare adequate food, veterinary drugs, vaccines required for chickens.
- Barns to ensure a cool summer, warm in winter closed.
- Flooring correct technical design, tall and drainage.
- Quality Bedding: husk, clean shavings, thick 5cm -10cm sprayed disinfectant before use.
- Make sure air circulation in the barn.
a. Barn
- Choose the high ground dry, cool place to build chicken coop. Should shed east or southeast to catch the morning sun and is avoiding the afternoon sun.
- If captivity completely, noting the appropriate density (8 / m2 if the broiler on the floor; 10 animals / m2 if chicken meat based).
- If Backyard chicken sheds where to avoid the sun and rain overnight, density eligible garden chicken drop at least 1 head / m2.
- The front door of the cage towards the southeast. Floors made of mesh or bamboo sparse 0.5m above the ground to create ventilation, dry, easy to clean up.
- Fences around the garden with B40 mesh, nylon mesh, bamboo wood ... depending on culture conditions of each household. Daytime Drop dry chicken yard, garden about not playing chicken, chicken enclosure evening.
b. Chicken cage creep
- The size 2m x 1m, 0.5m high leg raising enough for 100 chickens.
- Heating chicken with lights (75W two balls for 100 chickens).
c. Trough
- When chickens are small (1-3 days old) sprayed on liner paper feed for chickens in a cage creep.
- When the 4-14-day-old chickens fed with chicken feeders for chicks.
- In 15 days for chickens hanging gutters.
d. Drinking troughs
Place or hang interspersed with drinking trough feeders or garden shed. Instead of clean water for the chicken 2-3 times / day.
e. Baths sand, gravel trays for chicken
- Chickens are like sand bath.
- For chicken grazing to build reservoir sand, ash and sulfur baths chicken. Tank size 2m, 1m wide, 0.3m high for 40 chickens.
- Put a tray of sand, gravel or small stones around the pastures to feed the chickens, chicken helps digest food better.
f. Seamless Bean Chicken
- Chicken with behavior like sleeping on a high at night to avoid enemies and moisturize the feet, to avoid infection. So create some chicken led to sleep in the barn.
- Leading bamboo, wood (not as smooth rounded wooden chicken difficult beans). Seamless approximately 0.5m from the floor, apart from the chicken 0,3-0,4m to bump into each other, each section and stools on each other.
Making chicken litter to dark places. A litter for 5-10 hens.
Garden grazing: 1 m2 / 1 Jn.
2. Breeding
- Raising Meat: Choose chicken gold Tau, Dong Tao chicken, chicken pot, chicken Tam Hoang Luong Phuong chicken ... ..
- Raising chickens commodity: Select prolific breeds such as Golden Tau chicken, chicken Triad, BT1 chicken, chicken Ri ....
Breeding chicks
- Choose chick weight as evenly as possible.
- Choose the quick, bright eyes, hair flower, compact abdomen, leg fat.
- Avoid choosing the dry chicken legs, crooked beak, club- foot, open umbilicus, saggy belly, cloacal flat hair, droopy wings, deep black ring around the navel.
Choose good laying hens
- Choose the weight is not too low, not too fat, at 20 weeks of age from 1.6 to 1.7 kg, very good.
- Small head, mine are short, to comb area, magenta.
- Eyes bright, smooth placed close to the body, soft belly development.
- Anus wide pink and moist.
- The distance between the pelvis and sternum of 3-4 fingers wide, wide pelvis between two fingers folded nearly 2-3.
3. foster care
- Be transported chicks in the early morning or late afternoon to avoid the rainy day or a tropical depression. Put the chicken in the nursery, the chicken or VitamineC Electrotyle drink mix, just for cooking chicken plates or sheets, soaked corn puree chicken hatching after 12 hours at least, continue to eat like 2 days. Into day 3 is mixed with increasing amounts of the food industry by-products or mixing.
- Mix the medicine coccidiosis in chicken feed from day 7 onwards, used Rigecoccin 1g / 10kg of food (or mixing ratio Sulfamid 5%). Instead of lining paper and clean the barn floor clean feces per day.
- Wash the feeder, clean drinking troughs, observing the dietary status of chickens walking, if you do find sad, moody need to isolate right track.
- Use a 75W light bulb for 1m2 nursery barn to keep the heat shield, depending on the weather to adjust the heat by raising or lowering the height of the bulb.
- Observe that if chicken is chicken gathered around the bulb is cold, heat dissipation away from the bulb is located at the convergence angle is being draughty barn and chicken walk free diet is the right temperature throughout the night light hop.Thap chicken in the nursery stage to prevent rats, cats and chickens to eat more food.
- Regularly observe expression of chickens to keep processing abnormalities occur. When the weather changes so the chicken mixed electrolyte drinks or vitamin C.
- Do habit of drinking chicken along with food, so put feeders and drinking troughs adjacent to the chicken is complete without a drink dirty water in the garden.
- If the chicken meat does not need to cut mine. For laying hens to reduce biting each section should be cut mine (just cut mine horn) in 6-7 weeks.
- Lighting: Use natural light during the day, night lighting for free chicken, using automatic feeders 50 cylinder head / tray filled with food for one day, early in the morning before feeding should check investigate and remove uneaten food or feces husks stick feeders. Do not drop the curtain (just drop when cold rain storm). Just 2 weeks 1 times 10% of chicken weight to calculate the average weight.
- Note that while the culture or vaccine is required for the stunted, locked and separate culture to achieve high uniformity ratio.
- Chicken manure removal is often (if in cage) or late phase (if adopted on the husk) and must be carefully incubated with fresh lime 3 months after exertion.
- When chicken 2kg weight gain is for sale. Note manufacturing and transporting chickens away at cool and special vehicles must have ventilation systems to avoid mass smothered chicken. If carrying away the best place to carry on the night sky just slaughtered the best light.
- To put the chicken to the slaughter focus and have the seal of the new veterinary sold.
Note: Do not feed chickens in one cage sizes, before raising a new batch should disinfect the entire barn and tools.
4. Feed for chicken
- Chicken is one of the sensitive material, so absolutely not for broilers fed rancid mold, fungal infections, rotting.
- Can use industrial food or make use of agro-industrial by-products, so as to ensure the components: energy, protein, mineral and vitamin. To control the amount of food and quality assurance for chicken feed chicken gilts to reduce fat from being fat in egg production.
- For backyard chicken minerals and vitamins, the problem is not as important as the chicken in captivity, because they will automatically search the needs of the body.
After the nursery can eat more vegetables chicken. Should further raising earthworms and maggots are plentiful supply of protein for chicken.
- The first day just for chicken drink, eat plate or corn puree. Feed each spread a little to always delicious food stimulates appetite chicken.
- The next day set down the chicken to eat food industry. Add chicken to eat more meals a day, eat free.
- If using chicken trough hanging to be regularly monitored to adjust the height of the trough to eat chicken comfortably and avoid spillage of food.
- Drinking water should be clean and adequate for drinking chicken, chicken live longer without food than water shortage.
- For free chickens during rearing, to lights at night to eat chicken as much as possible, the transfer of food from one type to another must be made slowly. This in turn feeds as follows:
The Day
Food No. 1 (%)
Food No. 2 (%)
5. Sanitary
- Sanitary work is primarily to ensure "clean eating, in a clean, safe drinking". Drop to the floor and garden are always dry, clean and free of stagnant water ponds in the garden release.
- Apply strict vaccination schedule depending on the locality. In addition, antibiotic prevention of some diseases caused by bacteria, especially against the background chickens need for prevention of coccidiosis the ground and backyard.
a. The cause of the disease
- Non Poultry, poultry weakened, susceptible varieties.
- Habitat:
+ The food is not easy to balance nutrition rabid animal.
+ Clean Water.
+ The air temperature ....
b. The resistance of the body poultry
- Each animal has a physical barrier to protect the body.
- Resistance by humans by injecting the vaccine prophylaxis (resistance initiative).
c. The preventive hygiene measures
Sanitary +
- Good Food.
- Clean water.
- I have the same resistance to disease is high.
- Cage clean.
- Around the barn to luminescence.
- Make good process for veterinary hygiene and disease prevention.
+ Department of Vaccine
Calendar immunization

Ngày Thức ăn số 1(%) Thức ăn số 2 (%)
1 75 25
2 50 50
3 25 75
4 0 100

Avian Influenza H5N1
Injecting muscle
Note: Calendar immunization is for reference only, as the farmers have appropriate vaccination procedures. In the course of immunization schedules adopted if the chicken had not manifested disease vaccine that treats chicken from the new vaccine would, if chickens are sick chickens immunized, which will aggravate the disease and the effectiveness of the vaccine also reduced.
+ Note that when using vaccines
- Only use as poultry health.
- Shake the vaccine before and during use.
- Vaccine opened only used during the day, to cancel the balance.
Use vitamins to increase training for poultry.
+ Room with drugs:
- Diseases of the digestive tract: Oxyteracilin, chloramphenicol ...
- Respiratory Disease: Tylosin, Tiamulin, ...
Do not use an antibiotic in a row in the data. Each preventive therapy for 3-4 days is enough
6. Some common disease in chickens
6.1. Coccidiosis
Cause: The disease is spread by eating chicken food, drinking water and the oocyte. Diseases spread from house to house another, one place to another by humans, animals ... accidentally brought the oocytes away. Rapid reproduction rate of coccidiosis caused diseases outbreaks.
Coccidiosis often increases the mortality rate for small chicken, chicken slow growth, weak, vulnerable to multiple infections and other diseases.
The degree of illness depends on farming methods, mesh decks less than animal-based disease.
Symptoms: Chicken moody, ruffled feathers, slow, distribution or wax sometimes red with fresh blood. Hens eggshell thin, reduce the birth rate.
Lesions: cecum swollen, bloodied feet. Swollen intestines. In the gastrointestinal mucus and blood.
Prevention: Sanitary closely, especially not to the floor, damp stables outstanding quality.
- Medication mixed into food or drink mix for chicken.
- Use one of the following drugs (used in 3 days): Dona-Coc 1g / 1 liter of water.
Treatment: a double dose Increase dose room.
6.2. Typhoid (Salmonellosis)
Cause: Due to the bacteria that cause diseases can be transmitted directly from the hen to chicks and also indirectly through contaminated food and drinking water was contaminated.
Symptoms: Chicken moody, fertilizer diluted white, smelly. Decreased egg, egg battered, pale pale crest or atrophy.
+ Chickens: liver inflammation, necrosis of the white point, intestinal mucosal ulcers spread.
+ Hens: liver necrosis point white, enlarged gall bladder, ovary, dark purple, egg battered non deformities.
Prevention: In the synthesis hygiene measures. You can use antibiotics to prevent infection: oxytetracyclin: 50-80mg / chicken / daily for 5 days. Chloramphenical: 1g / 5-10 liters of water, used for 2-3 days.
Treating: Increase double dose prophylactic doses.
6.3. Cholera (Newcastle disease)
Cause: The disease caused by a virus, contagious diseases. Mainly transmitted through the digestive tract, but the disease can also be spread through animal husbandry tools. Chicks of all ages are sick.
Symptoms: Usually in 2 expression can: Acute and chronic.
+ Fitness acute disease appeared suddenly, dead chicken fast manifestation of symptoms. Often retracted neck, squirming input side, limp, eyes closed coma and then death.
- Shortness of breath, increased breathing, sneezing (animal open mouth, take stock of breath).
- Diarrhea stool blue - white, kite stretch flatulence.
- Some of the lubricating fluid in your eyes, nose. Integration, purple crest.
If after 4-5 days dead chickens will not appear neurological symptoms: Chicken in a circular movement towards, walking unsteadily. Chicken reduced spawning, egg shells mem.Ty from 50-90% mortality.
+ Physical chronic illness that lasted chicken will turn to chronic. Symptoms mainly in the respiratory tract, wheezing, loss of appetite, reduced birth .... Chicken becomes the carrier. The mortality rate of 10%.
Lesions: change depending on the time prolonged illness, age and virulence of the virus. Online gastric hemorrhage, with mucus in the colon.
Prevention: Mainly by the vaccine.
Treatment: use of these drugs increase resistance: Viamin, ...
6.4. DISEASE Gumboro
Cause: Due to the virus. Chickens are often ill at 4-8 weeks of age.
Symptoms: Analysis initial dilution, white, viscous mucus, after thinning brown.
- Chicken fast shot, trembling. The rate of infection is very fast: 2-5 days The overall mortality was nhiem.Ty: 10-30%.
- Chicken meat is often an early age (in the period 20-40 days).
Lesions: The femoral bleeding into red streaks. Emerging diseases Fabricius bag swelling.
- Day 2: pale swollen kidneys, intestines swell much mucus.
- Day 3: Bleeding spots or streaks of thigh, chest muscles.
- Day 5,6,7 Fabricius shrink bags, thigh, chest muscle bruising.
Prevention and treatment:
- Prevention of hygiene: Regularly disinfect cages disinfected regularly every month and after each feed.
- Room with vaccine.

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